Birding Brazil Tours & Nature Photography

Caatinga

Caatinga is characterized by a xeric shrubland with many cacti and thorn forest with isolated enclaves of Atlantic rainforest. The largest dry forest region in South America has 283,600 square miles - twice the size of Montana and certainly one of the richest dry forests in the world. There is not just single caatinga vegetation, but several distinctive caatingas. Caatinga harbors a unique biota and is an important area of endemism for different groups of organisms especially birds. The list includes White-browed Guan, White-collared Kite, Little Wood-Rail, Lear's Macaw, Golden-capped, Cactus and Gray-breasted Parakeet, Bahia Nighthawk, Pygmy Nightjar, Hooded Visobearer, Long-tailed Woodnymph, Hook-billed and Broad-tipped Hermit, Stripe-breasted Starthroat, Spot-backed Puffbird, Spotted Piculet, Kaempfer's Woodpecker, Moustached, Wagler's Woodceeper, Red-shouldered, Bahia, Gray-headed and Pinto's Spinetail, Striated Softail, Pink-legged Graveteiro, Caatinga Cachalote, Alagoa's and Pernambuco Foliage-gleaner, Great Xenops, Silvery-cheeked and Caatinga Barred Antshrike, Sincora, Pectoral, Orange-bellied, Narrow-billed, Caatinga, Bahia and Band-tailed Antwren, Slender, Rio de Janeiro Antbird, Fringe-backed Fire-eye,White-browed Antpitta, Hooded Gnateater, Bahia and Dimantina Tapaculo, Stresemmann's Bristlefront, Banded and White-winged Cotinga, Black-headed Berryeater, Cinnamon-vented Phia, Buff-throated Purpletuft, Araripe Manakin, Gray-backed Tachuri, Minas Gerais, Alagoas, Bahia Tyrannulet, Buff-breasted and Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant, Caatinga Black-Tyrant, Ash-throated Casiornis, Gray-eyed Greenlet, Long-billed Wren, Forbes Blackbird, Pale Baywing, Campo Troupial, Scarlet-throated, Seven-colored Tanager, Red-cowled Cardinal, White-naped Jay, White-throated Seedeater, Pale-throated Pampa-Finch, Yellow-faced Siskin and Sao Francisco Sparrow. With many more overlaps with Southeastern Atlantic rainforest species not mentioned here! Check out our selection of tour photos below!


ITINERARY SUGGESTIONS FOR AN OPEN OR CUSTOMIZED TOUR:

Itinerary 1: 10 days covering Quixadá - Crato - Canudos - Estância - Salvador.

Itinerary 2: 15 days covering Bahia: Lençóis - Jequié - Boa Nova - Camacan - Porto Seguro - Ituberá.

To cover all the NE birds we suggest a tour with itineraries 1 and 2 together.

Itinerary 3: 9 days covering Bahia: Salvador - Camacan - Jequié - Lençóis.



Caatinga birds

Photos by Andrew Whittaker.
  • Araripe Manakin (endemic)
  • Lear's Macaws (endemic and Endangered in IUCN Red List)
  • Great Xenops (endemic)
  • Spotted Piculet (endemic)
  • Red-shouldered Spinetail (endemic and Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Lear's Macaws, endemic and Endangered in IUCN Red List.
  • Slender Antbird male (endemic and Endangered in IUCN Red List)
  • Spot-backed Puffbird
  • Bahia Tapaculo (endemic and Critically Endangered in IUCN Red List)
  • Sincora Antwren male (endemic)
  • Velvety Black-Tyrant female (endemic)
  • Red-cowled Cardinal (endemic)
  • Campo Troupial (endemic)
  • Ochraceous Woodpecker
  • Gray-backed Tachuri (endemic and Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Ruby-topaz Hummingbird female stretching
  • Least Pygmy-Owl, also known as Brazilian Pygmy-Owl.
  • Stripe-breasted Starthroat (endemic)
  • Cattle Egret colony
  • Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant (bahiae)
  • Black-billed Scythebill singing
  • Cactus Parakeets
  • Biscutate Swift
  • Pale-throated Pampa-Finch (endemic and Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Caatinga Cacholote. Check the paper "The Rufous Cacholote (Furnariidae: Pseudoseisura) is two species" in Andrew's bio. This was one split from Rufous and the other split being Grey-crested Cacholote.
  • Blue-winged Parrotlet
  • Striated Softtail singing (endemic and Vulnerable in IUCN Red List)
  • Blue Dacnis male
  • Flavescent Warbler
  • Hooded Visorbearer male (endemic and Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Hooded Visorbearer female (endemic and Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • White-necked Thrush
  • Violaceous Euphonia male
  • Spot-billed Toucanet male
  • Tolmomyias sp. novum. Kevin Zimmer and Andrew Whittaker are about to submit the description of this species.
  • Stripe-backed Antbird male
  • Sincora Antwren immature (endemic)
  • Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant (Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Red-necked Tanager
  • Plumbeous Antvireo male (endemic and Vulnerable in IUCN Red List)
  • Narrow-billed Antwren male (endemic and Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Maroon-bellied Parakeets
  • Long-billed Wren (endemic)
  • Green-headed Tanager
  • Green-backed Trogon female
  • Green Honeycreeper male in threat display
  • Gray-headed Spinetail (endemic)
  • Drab-breasted Pygmy-Tyrant (Atlantic Forest endemic)
  • Comb Ducks, Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks and White-faced Whistling-Ducks.
  • Chestnut-crowned Becard
  • Caatinga Antwren male (endemic)
  • Black-capped Antwren female
  • Band-tailed Antwren male (endemic and Vulnerable in IUCN Red List)
  • Azure-shouldered Tanager (endemic)
  • Silvery-cheeked Antshrike male (endemic)
  • Crescent-chested Puffbird (endemic)

Nature Photography