Birding Brazil Tours & Nature Photography

Atlantic Forest

Now designated as a World Biosphere Reserve, is a complex region of tropical and subtropical rainforest, tropical dry forest, tropical savanna, semi deciduous and mangrove forests. Extends along the Atlantic coast of Brazil from Rio Grande do Norte state in the north to Rio Grande do Sul state in the south from sea level up into mountain cloud forest Serra do Mar mountains with 2000 m peaks. The Atlantic Forest currently spans over 4000km2 along the coast of Brazil and is characterized by high density and an enormous biodiversity. Long isolated from other major rainforest blocks in South America, the Atlantic Forest has an extremely diverse and unique mix of vegetation and forest types causing an endemic hotspot containing the highest number of endemic bird species in the World (over 160 species)! Including the likes of Solitary Tinamou, Red-billed Curassow, Black-throated Piping-Guan, White-necked Hawk, Red-tailed and Blue-bellied Parrot, Golden-capped, Jandaya and Blue-throated Parakeet, Long-trained Nightjar, Brazilian Ruby, Saw-billed and Minute Hermit, Three-toed Jacamar, Crescent-chested Puffbird, Yellow-eared Woodpecker, Striated Softail, Orange-eyed and Orange-breasted Thornbird, White-collared Foliage-gleaner, White-bearded Antshrike, Rufous-backed Antvireo, Black-hooded and Star-throated Antwren, Rufous-tailed, Ferruginous, Ochre-rumped, Squamate and White-bibbed Antbird, Cryptic Antthrush, Black-cheeked Gnateater, White-breasted Tapaculo, Slaty and Stresemann's Bristlefront, Black-and-gold, Swallow-tailed, Banded Gray and White-winged Cotinga, Hooded and Black-headed Berryeater, Buff-throated Purpletuft, Pin-tailed and Eastern Striped Manakin, Weid's and Serra Tyrant-Manakin, Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant, Atlantic Royal Flycatcher, Serra do Mar, Oustalet's and Restinga Tyrannulet, Kaempfer's , Hang-nest and Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant, Yellow-lored Tody Flycatcher, Velvety Black-Tyrant, Gray-hooded Attila, Cherry-throated, Black-backed, brassy-breasted, Rufous-headed and Gilt-edged Tanager, Black-legged Dacnis, Bay-chested Warbling- finch and Half-collared Sparrow and many more near endemics. Check out our selection of tour photos below!


Itinerary 1: 15 days covering São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro; route Intervales State Park - Coastal Ubatuba - Guapiaçu Ecological Reserve - Itatiaia National Park.

Itinerary 2: 14 days covering São Paulo and Espírito Santo visiting Intervales State Park - Coastal Ubatuba - Santa Teresa - Linhares.

Itinerary 3: 07-10 days covering São Paulo visiting Intervales State Park & Coastal Ubatuba.

Itinerary 4: 05-07 days in Rio de Janeiro at Itatiaia National Park.

Itinerary 5: 04 days in Santa Catarina at Volta Velha Reserve (restinga forest).

Itinerary 6: 10 days in Espírito Santo covering Santa Teresa and Linhares (Espírito Santo Hummingbird Bonanza tour)

Tour Photo Gallery

» Atlantic Forest birds
Photos by Andrew Whittaker.
  • Spot-winged Wood-quail (plumbeicollis race)
  • Green-crested Plovercrest male (endemic, Stephanoxis lalandi)
  • Orange-eyed Thornbird (endemic)
  • Serra do Mar Tapaculo (Scytalopus notorius)
  • Large-tailed Antshrike
  • Swallow-tailed Manakin
  • Helmeted Woodpecker (Vulnerable in IUCN Red List)
  • Green-headed Tanager
  • Blue-naped Chlorophonia male
  • Black-throated Trogon female (chrysochlorus)
  • Black Jacobin
  • Tufted Antshrike (immature male)
  • Surucua Trogon
  • Squamate Antbird (endemic)
  • Slaty Bristlefront (endemic and Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Saw-billed Hermit (endemic)
  • Rufous-capped Antshrike
  • Red-and-White Crake
  • Orange-breasted Thornbird
  • Green-backed Trogon
  • Gray-hooded Attila (endemic)
  • Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant
  • Festive Coquette
  • Chestnut-bellied Euphonia
  • Buff-bellied Puffbird
  • Brassy-breasted Tanager (endemic)
  • Black-hooded Antwren (endemic)
  • Black-fronted Piping-Guan
  • Diademed Tanager
  • Such
  • Ferruginous Antbird (endemic)
  • Mouse-colored Tapaculo (Scytalopus speluncae) from Caraça (previously considered as Rock Tapaculo)
  • Blackish Rail
  • Rusty-barred Owl (endemic to the Atlantic Forest)
  • Black-cheeked Gnateater
  • Red-capped Parrot, also known as Pileated Parrot
  • Crested Becard
  • Green-throated Euphonia
  • Rufous Gnateater
  • White-throated Hummingbird
  • Red-breasted Toucan
  • Rusty-breasted Nunlet
  • Black-legged Dacnis female at nest. You can read Andrew Whittaker paper named "First nesting records of the Black-legged Dacnis (Dacnis nigripes), with notes on field identification, ecology, conservation and recent records from Espírito Santo, Brazil" in his bio.
  • Saffron Toucanet
  • Purple-crested plovercrest (Stephanoxis loddigesii)
  • Violacous Euphonia
  • Uniform Finch
  • Rufous-browed Peppershrike
  • Tropical Screech-Owl roosting
  • Chestnut-backed Antshrike
  • Blond-crested Woodpecker
  • Blue-winged Parrotlet
  • Pin-tailed Manakin (endemic)
  • Marsh Tapaculo (endemic and Endangered in IUCN Red List)
  • Frilled Coquette (endemic)
  • Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher, also known as Gray-headed Tody-Flycatcher (endemic)
  • Yellow-fronted Woodpecker
  • Wied
  • White-spotted Woodpecker
  • White-breasted Tapaculo (endemic and Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Violet-capped Woodnymph male
  • Three-toed Jacamar (endemic and Vulnerable in IUCN Red List)
  • Swallow-tailed Cotinga male (Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Stygian Owl
  • Striated Softtail singing (endemic and Vulnerable in IUCN Red List)
  • Speckle-breasted Antpitta (endemic to the Atlantic Forest, the northern population)
  • Solitary Tinamou roosting (Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Rufous-tailed Antbird (endemic and Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Rio de Janeiro Antbird immature (endemic and Near Threatened in IUCN Red List)
  • Olive-green Tanager (endemic)

Nature Photography